Roman Gromatici (Red)-- Roman Marching Camp Diorama Scenery--three figures and accessories
Item Number: RRCAMP-10R
Roman Gromatici (Red) -- Roman Marching Camp Diorama Scenery
The Roman Army of the Mid Republic, Armies and Enemies of Ancient Rome
Roman Marching camps were used to protect an army while away from a permanent base during a campaign or when conducting other military operations. These camps were constructed by the Romans at the end of a day of marching or conducting other exercises in the field.
At the conclusion of each day’s march, legionary troops on the move were assembled at a site carefully selected at the day’s start. For the next three hours or more, they were put to work digging a perimeter ditch, erecting a rampart, and assembling a palisade with prefabricated materials. Polybius wrote that the standard Republican-era design was in the shape of a square, but always had to conform to the lay of the land and the numbers of men and animals to be quartered in the camp.
Vegetius wrote that the camps should be constructed taking into account the configuration of the ground. He warned that a secure marching-camp must be placed near a source of plentiful water, wood, and forage and not be overlooked by higher ground.
The GROMA or Gruma was a Roman Surveying instrument. It comprised of a vertical staff with horizontal cross-pieces mounted at right angles on a bracket. Each cross piece had a plumb line hanging vertically at each end. It was used to survey straight lines and right angles, thence squares or rectangles.
They were stabilized on the high ground and pointed in the direction it was going to be used. The assistant would step back 100 steps and place a pole. The surveyor would tell the assistant where to move the pole, who would then set it down.
The groma surveying instrument may have originated in Mesopotamia or Greec before the 4th Century BC, and is believed to have been brought to Rome by the Etruscans