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Jack Simpson and His Donkey, The Gallipoli Campaign, 1915, The Great War, 1914-1918--two pieces
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John Jenkins Designs

Item Number: GLA-01

Jack Simpson and His Donkey, The Gallipoli Campaign, 1915, The Great War, 1914-1918

John "Jack" Simpson Kirkpatrick(6 July 1892 – 19 May 1915), who served under the name John Simpson, was a stretcher bearer with the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) during the Gallipoli Campaign in World War I.  After landing at Anzac Cove on 25 April 1915, he obtained a donkey, who he called “Murphy” and began carrying wounded British Empire soldiers from the front line to the beach, for evacuation.  He continued this work for three and a half weeks, often under fire, until he was killed, during the Third attack on Anzac Cove.  Simpson and his Donkey are a part of the "Anzac legend".

Limited Edition of 500 sets worldwide.

With World War I stalled on the Western Front by 1915, the Allied Powers were debating going on the offensive in another region of the conflict, rather than continuing with attacks in Belgium and France.  Early that year, Russia’s Grand Duke Nicholas appealed to Britain for aid in confronting a Turkish invasion in the Caucasus.  (The Ottoman Empire had entered World War I on the side of the Central Powers, Germany and Austria-Hungary, by November 1914.)  In response, the Allies decided to launch a naval expedition to seize the Dardanelles Straits, a narrow passage connecting the Aegean Sea to the Sea of Marmara in northwestern Turkey.  If successful, capture of the straits would allow the Allies to link up with the Russians in the Black Sea, where they could work together to knock Turkey out of the war.

The Gallipoli Campaign of 1915-16, also known as the Battle of Gallipoli or the Dardanelles Campaign, was an unsuccessful attempt by the Allied Powers to control the sea route from Europe to Russia during World War I.  The campaign began with a failed naval attack by British and French ships on the Dardanelles Straits in February-March 1915 and continued with a major land invasion of the Gallipoli Peninsula on April 25, involving British and French troops as well as divisions of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC).  Lack of sufficient intelligence and knowledge of the terrain, along with a fierce Turkish resistance, hampered the success of the invasion.  By mid-October, Allied forces had suffered heavy casualties and had made little headway from their initial landing sites.  Evacuation began in December 1915, and was completed early the following January.