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Alvar Fanez Minaya, The Spanish, El Cid and the Reconquista--single mounted figure with flag
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Item Number: CID-02

Alvar Fanez Minaya, The Spanish, El Cid and the Reconquista

Alvar Fanez (died 1114C.E.) was a Leonese nobleman and military leader under Alfonso VI of Leon and Castile.  He became the subject of legend, immortalised by the Poema de Mio Cid, into Alvar Fanez Minaya, a loyal vassal and commander under El Cid, during the latter’s exile and his conquest of Valencia.

In the “Poema de Mio Cid”, he becomes one of the main characters, and is transformed from his historical role as loyal vassal and general of Alonso VI to a simular role in the retinue of El Cid.  He is written as often being given military command when Cid splits his forces, and accompanies the Cid during his exile.

He is depcted as a paragon of loyalty, not only being true to his uncle El Cid, but also unwavering in his defence of his kinsmen.

Historically, he is credited with the reconquest of Guadalajara, where a Moorish tower , the “Torreon de Alvar Fanez” is named after him.

 

THE SPANISH

The age in which El Cid lived has since been termed the “Reconquista”, or Christian reconquest of Spain from the Moors, and was one of the most colourful periods in military history.  The armies are spectacular and varied, ranging from the noble Christian Knights to the Muslim Andalusians, through to the religious zeal of the African invaders, the Almoravids and Almohads.  Although the period is often portrayed as a simple war of religion, it was in fact a great deal more complex, with Muslim commonly fighting Muslim, and Christian fighting Christians, with both sides using allies and mercenaries whenever it suited them.

This period, during the lifetime of El Cid (1040-1100CE), saw the rise of heavy cavalry charges and other northern European influences, especially in the kingdoms of Aragon and Catalonia, which had the strongest links to France.

Released in OCTOBER 2021.